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2020年高考英语完形填空常用词汇(一)

动词类:

  1“看”

  look看的动作/ see看的结果

  watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察

  Notice注意

  catch sight of看见

  stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看

  Glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见

  2“说”

  tell sth to sb.=tell sb sth告诉的内容

  talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流

  Say sth诉说的内容

  speak in English说的语言

  whisper sth to sb 耳语

  Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事

  reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

  Bargain讨价还价

  chat聊天/repeat重复/explain解释/warn警告/remind提醒/Discuss 讨论/debate辩论/figure 指出/declare宣布/claim自称/mention 提起/admit 承认/deny 否绝/describe描述/announce 公布/introduce 介绍/complain抱怨

  3“叫” cry哭叫 call叫 shout大喊 scream尖叫 moan呻吟 sigh叹气 quarrel大吵

  4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达 question审问

  5“答” answer回答 respond回应(用其他方式回应) reply回复

  6 “听” listen to听的动作 hear听的结果 pick up收听 overhear无意听到

  7“写” dictate听写 write sth 写 describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw画

  take down/write down写下,记下

  8“拿/放” take拿走 bring拿来 hold举着 carry扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch拿来拿去 lift举 Put放 lay 铺/放置 pull拉/push推

  9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠

  10“打” hit一次性的打击 beat不间断的打击 strike突然的击打/突然想到 blow吹刮

  attack攻击

  11“扔” throw扔 drop掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇

  12“送” send寄送 deliver递送 give给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行

  13“摸/抱” touch摸 /fold折叠 /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握 in one’s arms

  14“踢/碰” kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲

  15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑fly crawl 匍匐前进

  16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand站,耸立/ lean斜靠

  17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap打盹 be asleep bend turn over翻身 rest

  18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing

  19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep呜咽地哭 sob抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying

  20“找/查” find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索

  hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of寻找 Search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

  Check检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测,检验 inspect视察

  21“穿” put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装

  get changed换衣服 be in red Take off 脱 remove 去除

  22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste

  treat sb to请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

  23“得” get obtain acquire获得知识和技能 gain possess

  24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing人错过失踪,不见 gone不见(物) great loss die die off相继死去 die away 逐渐消失

  25“有” have 有 own是自己的 conquer征服 occupy占有=possess

  26“无” nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

  27“增/减” rise / go up /drop

  人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease

  28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

  Bill / cheque / cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts

  29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive live show turn up

  Disappear die die out pass away be out of sight

  30“变化” develop improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into reform

  31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize

  Understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to

  32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win

  Lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality

  33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do

  34祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会

  35赞美/批评 praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame

  criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of

  36喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of Dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off

  37判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt

  38到达 arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for

  on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth

  39受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from

  suffer a loss

  40损坏 damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash

  41修复 repair rebuild restore fix recover oneself

  42支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive refuse turn down

  be against elect vote for/ against

  43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker

  44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand persuade 说服

  45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth

  It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense

  46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away spare no effort/ time

  47 参加 take part in join /join in attend compete in/ for/against

  48控告 accuse sb. of charge sb. With

  49 救治 help /help out save /rescue sb from sth. Treat过程 / cure 结果sb. Of sth

  Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth

  50敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of

  51逃避 ran away escape from flee hide

  52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth forbid doing sth.

  Ban prohibit

  53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth solve settle

  54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn

  54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out

  burst out go off explosion

  55安装/装备 fasten fix set equip

  be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with装备有

  56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with赶上 keep up with跟上

  57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起 consider

  think over仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb.

  58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do

  59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though

  60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down

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