时间:2019-11-22    作者:gkzxw



  名词性从句中的连接词有连词that / whether / as if,连接代词what / who/ which / whose / whatever / whoever / whomever / whichever,连接副词where / when / why / how / wherever / whenever。



  That they are good at English is known to us all.

  The problem is that we don’t have enough money.

  She expressed the hope that they would come to China one day.

  ②宾语从句中的连接词that有时可省有时又不可省,在以下几种情况中that不能省略:(A)当that从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时,that不可省略;(B)当that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时,that不能省;(C)当that作介词宾语时,that不可省掉。如:

  He judged that, because he was a child, he did not understand wine

  Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried.

  The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do.

  ③that从句作主语和宾语时,可以用it 来替换成以下几种结构表达。

  (A)It is clear/certain/likely/true/surprising that… (B)It is a pity/shame/good idea/no wonder that ...(C)It is said/reported/ believed/known/thought/suggested that … (D)It seems/happens that。如:

  It happened that I went out last night.

  It is said that China will win in the World Cup.


  that 引导名词性从句时,在主从句中不以当任何句子成分,也没有任何含义;而what引导名词性从句时,在主从句中都要充当一定的句子成分,what可以分解成定语从句中的先行词 + 关系代词即常说的先行词 + that。如:

  It’s shame that he has made such a mistake. Do what he says.



  They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again.(同位语从句)

  The hope she expressed is that they would come to visit China again.(定语从句)



  It all depends on whether they will come back.

  ②后面直接跟or not 时用whether。如:

  I didn’t know whether or not he had arrived in Wuhan.


  Whether the meeting will be put off has not been decided yet.

  The question is whether they have so much money.


  We ought to discuss carefully the question whether we can do

  it or not.


  The question of whether they are male or female is not important.

  I have not decided whether to go or not.


  Thank you, but whether I’ll be free I’m not sure at the moment.


  Whether he comes or not, we will begin our party on time.

  (3)疑问词 + ever和no matter + 疑问词的区别。

  ①疑问词 + ever可引导名词性从句,在主从句中要充当一定的部分。如:

  Whoever breaks the rule must be punished.

  You can choose whatever you like in the shop.

  ②疑问词 + ever还可引导让步状语从句。如:

  Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished,

  Whatever you do, you must do it well.

  ③no matter + 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。如:

  No matter what you do, you must do it well.

  No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished.


  when 和where前面的名词若是表示时间、地点的名词,则when和where引导的是定语从句,否则则为同位语从句。如:

  They put forward the question where they could get the money.

  This is the place where the accident happened.



  Hello,I didn’t know you were in London. How long have you been here?

  The teacher told us that light travels at a very high speed.

  (2)主语从句作主语相当于单数第三人称作主语,谓语动词用单数,如果由and 连接两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词用复数;由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句,谓语动词用单数。如:

  When the meeting will begin has not been decided yet.

  When they will start and where they go have not been decided yet.

  When and where the meeting will begin has not been decided.



  He asked me what was the matter with me.

  We’ve heard the news that we’ll move into the new house.

  Whatever you say will interest us all.


  1. A computer can only do ________ you have instructed it to do.

  A. how B. after C. what D. when


  2. —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week..

  —Is that _________ you had a few days off ?

  A. why B. when C. what D. where


  3. I hate __________ when peope talk with their mouths full.

  A. it B. that C. these D. them


  4.I think Father would like to know I’ve been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note.

  A. which B. why C. what D. how

  解析:答案为C。考查宾语从句连词用法,由结构sb. be up to sth.可知,应选what作介词to的宾语。

  5. We cannot figure out quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out.

  A. that B. as C. why D. when

  解析:答案为C。本题考查宾语从句知识,figure out为及物动词,故此句为宾语从句,从句意得知连词在从句中作原因状语,故选why.

  6.After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, our astronauts desire do is walk in space.

  A. where B. what C. that D. how



① 凡本站注明“稿件来源:高考在线”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式复制发表。已经本站协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明“稿件来源:高考在线”,违者本站将依法追究责任。

② 本站注明稿件来源为其他媒体的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本站转载出于非商业性的教育和科研之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者在两周内速来电或来函联系 联系方式于老师18500982162。

巨优网络 怀柔网站建设